The Career of Philander D. Chase, senior editor of the Papers of George Washington

Posted in The Oscar Show at 12:04 pm by Jacob Canon

In today’s show, written by Matt Kelly, Writer for the UVa News Department, we look at Philander D. Chase, who recently retired as senior editor of the Papers of George Washington, housed at the University of Virginia’s Alderman Library.

Philander D. Chase has spent 35 years in George Washington’s world — and he’s not done yet. “Being a documentary editor is a life, not a career,” Chase said.

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Chase, 65, recently retired as senior editor of the Papers of George Washington, housed at the University of Virginia’s Alderman Library. Chase said he will miss the “research, writing, collaboration and interacting with the public.

But he does not lack for work. He plans to use some of the Washington archive to write a book about Baron Friedrich von Steuben, a Prussian drillmaster who molded Washington’s army at Valley Forge. He is also continuing to work on the 19th volume of the Washington Papers’ Revolutionary War series.

Theodore Crackel, editor-in-chief of the Papers of George Washington, described Chase as the institutional memory of the project. He also said, “one of the most remarkable things about Phil was his readiness to help anybody. He would work with historian and author, David McCullough, or a high school student with equal enthusiasm.

Crackel said, “Chase launched the Revolutionary War series of the Washington Papers and has trained just about every editor since 1983. He has also developed into a leading expert on the Revolutionary War, as well as an expert on Steuben and Henry ‘Light Horse Harry’ Lee. His retirement will be a great loss to us in that way.”

Having earned a Ph.D. in history at Duke University, Chase came to Charlottesville in 1973 for a one-year fellowship at the Papers of George Washington as a documentary editor, a job he said requires “academic training and hands-on experience.

Chase said, “Then I stayed on for another year with funding from the University and from the Mount Vernon Ladies Association of the Union. I’ve been ’staying for another year’ for 35 years.”

Chase’s work involves stories, transcribing the writings of Washington and the people around him, interpreting damaged or smudged words and determining a document’s meaning through background and context. While describing documentary editing as “technical and tedious,” he said the reward is “getting to know historical figures as people. Aside from affairs of state, Chase said Washington’s writings range from cryptic to mundane to deeply personal.

Washington could be cryptic to be “deliberately restrained and tactful, not divulging his full feelings on matters,” Chase said. Other entries dealt with the weather, what crops were planted where and who had visited. “These are mundane, but they offer a look at the rhythm of Washington’s life,” Chase said. Washington also detailed the life and death of his stepdaughter, Patsy, an epileptic who died from a seizure in 1773. Washington kept a record of her “fits” on his calendar, and noted when they got worse.

You learn how much human nature is the same and that their reactions are not unique,” Chase said. “They had difficulties they endured and got through. You get a more realistic feel about them.”

Even people more than 200 years dead can still surprise, as new documents surface and old ones are re-interpreted. “It never fails,” Chase said. “By the time you understand a document, it turns out to be something else.

Editors are attracted to specific writings, and Chase said he has cherished documents in each of the volumes of the Washington Papers. He specifically cited a passage, “There is no restraining the pens or tongues of men when they are charged with a little vanity,” an observation of Washington’s from 1775.

Chase said the 18th century is “an ideal time in which to work,” because of the amount of written material available. The men and women who played leading roles in forming the union were dedicated to communicating their thoughts and ideas. “They had a sense of what was important,” he said.

By contrast, future historians examining this era may suffer; current electronic archives will be hard to maintain over the years, he said, and much correspondence by e-mail is simply eliminated and telephone conversations are not recorded.

Chase said, We may not have access to a lot of documents. This is the information age, but we may end up knowing less than from the era of the quill pen.”

You’ve been listening to the Oscar Show, I’m Jacob Canon. Join us next week when our topic will well look at we look at Rachael Beaton, a first year grad student at the University of Virginia, whose galactic discoveries have earned her international attention.

For more information about scholarship, creativity and research, please visit www.oscar.virginia.edu. Did you miss a show? Then go to www.wtju.net and click on “blogs & pods” or visit www.cvillepodcast.com. Question about this program; please call WTJU at 434-924-0885 or email at wtju@virginia.edu.

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